Oswald Avery discovered cell transformation. He recognized that DNA carries a cell’s genetic material and can be altered.
Oswald Avery was born on October 21, 1877, in Halifax, Canada. After graduating from Colgate University, he accepted a research position at the Rockefeller Institute Hospital. In 1944, he and his coworkers discovered that DNA carries a cell’s genetic material and can be altered through transformation. He did not receive a Nobel Prize, but his research led to understanding the genetic code. He died on February 20, 1955.