Robert Adamson was a Scottish chemist and photographer who is best known for producing 2500 Calotype photographic prints with painter David Octavius Hill.
Born in Burnside, Fife (near St. Andrews), Scotland, on April 26, 1821, Robert Adamson was a chemist and pioneer in photography. In 1843, Adamson helped David Hill apply the Calotype process of making photographic prints on silver chloride paper. Working together, they produced some 2500 Calotypes, mainly portraits but also landscapes (1843–48). Adamson died on January 14, 1848, in St. Andrews, Scotland.